What Is Politics?


Politics is a noun that means “the art and science of governing.” Like other nouns that end in -ics, politics also has plural forms. To find out which form the word refers to, check out the specific entry in a dictionary. An example dictionary is the fifth edition of the American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. The dictionary is published by the Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Its rights are reserved.


During the Renaissance, the Physiocrats were the most prominent political thinkers in Europe. They admired the natural styles of life and praised farmers. While they called themselves economists, they were also known as “physiocrats” (Greek for “Government of nature”).

A physiocrat advocated economic freedom and free trade. In the early eighteenth century, a number of Physiocrats were elected to the National Constituent Assembly, where they served on dozens of economic committees. While these physiocratic views were largely opposed by the radical revolutionaries, they made a lasting contribution to literature and the development of human liberty. In the 1790s, the Physiocrats’ influence on politics waned due to the French Revolution.

The Physiocrats’ economic theory was rooted in the concept of net product, which is defined differently from the economic table. Physiocrats believe that the productive class expends three billion livres a year to produce a five-billion-lièvre agricultural product. Of this five-billion-lièvre agricultural product, two billion livres is the net product. As a result, the Physiocrats’ theory of politics is a good foundation for examining how political and economic institutions work.

The Physiocrats believed that all wealth comes from the value of land, and the production of goods is nothing more than the consumption of agricultural surplus. These theories influenced political economists of the period, including Adam Smith, Benjamin Franklin, and Anne Robert Jacques Turgot. However, they should be evaluated in a historical context and in light of competing theories. The Physiocrat’s theory may be overstated today, but it is still a useful one.


The term ecclesiastical polity is used to describe the administrative and ministerial structure of a church. It also serves as shorthand for the organization of a church, and is often used in civil law. During the Protestant Reformation, it was used as a term for the organization of the church, though it did not mean a hierarchy. For example, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints describes its polity as hierarchical, although the term is used only for minor leadership roles.

There are several distinct types of polity within Christianity. The first type is episcopal, where the bishops are the ones who govern the church. The term bishop comes from the Greek word episkopos, meaning “oversight”. In the Catholic church, the bishops have authority over their diocese. They perform ordinations, supervise the clergy, and represent their diocese in the hierarchy of church governance.

James VI, King of England, held a firm grip on ecclesiastical poltics after 1596, and was involved in it personally. His policy of consensus was successful. However, his grip on ecclesiastical poltics deteriorated after his accession to the English throne, and clerical opposition to royal policy increased after 1603.

Political science

Political science is a branch of social science that deals with systems of governance and power. It examines political activities, thought, and behavior, and the associated laws and constitutions. These topics are of interest to those who want to understand the world around them. Those interested in political science should consider the course as a way to understand how political institutions function. However, it is important to note that the field is not confined to the study of government.

Political scientists specialize in public administration and policy, which are vital for effective governance. They study government institutions, including voting, electoral systems, and the formal and informal legislative processes. They also examine how these institutions affect public life and contribute to international conflict. If you are interested in studying the functioning of government, you should consider pursuing a degree in political science. Moreover, you will find that there are fewer jobs available in this field, which means that competition will be even more intense.

A political scientist can become an opinion pollster or a political commentator. There are four methods that political scientists use to analyze political situations and determine the best course of action. The first method is to remove any prejudices and remain objective. The second method is to use commonly available research to test their theories. The third method involves carefully observing the interaction of people in a group. This method can be effective if political scientists use a mixture of these methods.