The term physiocratic has become one of the most common terms used to describe political ideology. Its roots are in Greek and Roman philosophy. Physiocratic philosophies are popular among the elites in the West. Its meaning is derived from the Greek word phlogiston, which means “belonging to a group.”
The Physiocratic era of politics was characterized by a desire to avoid hypotheses. Physiocrats emphasized clinical study and experimentation, not hypothesis, and believed that sick people who did not consult a physician had a better chance of survival. The rise of mountebanks, who pretended to be physicians, made it difficult for physicians to be responsible and knowledgeable. It was not until the eighteenth century that this philosophy came to prominence, however.